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Ashwagandha (Palpotan) Plant – A Powerful Immunity Booster

Palpotan (Ashwagandha)
Palpotan (Ashwagandha)

Ashawgandha is small shrub with yellow flowers which is widely distributed from southern Europe to India and Africa.

Synonyms: 

  • Withania somnifera (Latin),
  • अश्वगंधा [Asgandah] – (Hindi),
  • पल्पोटन, पलपोटन [Palpotan] – (Haryanvi),
  • அமுக்கிரா [Amukura] – (Tamil),
  • Asandh, Darogunj(Marathi)
  • Indian ginseng(ginseng is a chinese plant)

History:

Ashwagansha as a medicine in Ayurved from last 3,000 – 4,000 year on the teaching of esteemed Rishi Sage (Punarvasu Atriya).

Chemical Contituents:

  • Main constituent: Alkaloid withanine
  • Another constituents: Somniferine, pseudowithanine, tropine & pseudotropine, hygrine, isopellederine, anaferine, anahygrine and steroid lactones. Leaves contain steroid lactone, commonly known as Withanolide.
Hygrine Structure
Hygrine
Tropin Structure
Tropine
Withanolide D Structure
Withanolide D
Withanolide F Structure
Withanolide F

Uses:

  • The roots, bark, leaves, fruit and seed are used to treat nervous disorders, intestinal infections and leprosy.
  • If a also used as tranquilizer in India on the place similar to ginseng in china. That’s why it is also called Indian ginseng.
  • Mailly acts on Reproductive and Nervous system, having an rejuvenative effect on the body.
  • Used to improve vitality and aid recovery after chronic illness.
  • Used to treat nervous exhaustion, debility, insomnia, wasting diseases, failure to thrive in children, impotence, infertility; multiple sclerosis, etc.
  • Applied as a poultice to boils, swellings and other painful parts.
  • Withania is considered as an adaptogen and so is used in number of diseases.

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